The Tamarack is a native tree to North America. The name is Algonquin for the species. It is a small to medium sized deciduous tree that reaches from 10 to 20 metres tall, with a trunk up to 60 cm in diameter. The wood is tough, durable, and flexible, lending it's use to making snowshoes and knees in wooden boats. Natives also use the inner bark to heal wounds and frostbite and the outer bark to treat arthritis. The needle like leaves turn bright yellow before falling in the autumn.